Social Health Insurance (SHI), a government-sponsored program that covers citizens against financial hardships or medical emergencies, is an example of how the government can participate in the insurance industry. Individual claims are dependent partially on individual contributions. You can use this amount as an insurance premium to create a common fund that can provide benefits for individuals.
The following are some of the most important social insurance (SHI), initiatives taken by the US government:
- Medicare or Medicaid
- Unemployment insurance
- Social security
Features of Social Health Insurance
A social insurance policy is an initiative that transfers risks to the government agency. This is because the law requires them to provide certain benefits to citizens. The traditional social insurance program offers several key features:
- As a premium, the individual pays a small amount and it never exceeds their means.
- A statute clearly defines the benefits and eligibility criteria for the program.
- In most cases, a trust fund will make specific provisions for income and expenses.
- Premiums paid by participants or their representatives, as well as taxes fund the initiative.
- It targets a specific demographic of the population. Participation is therefore heavily subsidized or mandatory in certain places to ensure that all individuals have access to the social insurance program.
- Social Security
- Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
- Railroad Retirement Board
- Unemployment insurance programs
The 2019 World Development Report by the World Bank, entitled “The Changing Nature Of Work”, identifies the need for social insurance models that are dependent upon steady wage employment. These programs are often established for large informal industries in developing countries in order to address the decline in traditional employer-employee relations.
Advantages of Social Health Insurance
The public insurance program known as social health insurance offers protection against economic risk due to a medical emergency. In most cases, participation in social insurance plans is mandatory. This type of insurance is considered a social security measure by the relevant government.
There are many differences between public support and social insurance. One of the most striking differences in SHI is that participants’ claims under this type of insurance are partially treated according to their contributions. This is also known as an insurance premium. Production activity is when the insurance coverage is proportional to the recipient’s individual contributions.
Sometimes, individuals receive benefits that exceed their contributions. In these cases, the government should consider redistribution within the government’s social insurance program. The Old-Age Survivors and Disability Insurance Program (OASDI) is the largest US social insurance program. It provides income for both retirees and their survivors, particularly widows and widowers.
The largest social insurance program run by the US federal government is workers’ compensation. This program offers workers compensation for injuries sustained at work and unemployment insurance that provides temporary benefits in the event of job loss.
Social security and Medicare beneficiaries make up the majority of the middle class. These types of insurance plans are also known as middle-class programs because they are there to serve people who meet multiple criteria such as age or disability.
Why is there a need for a Social Health Insurance program?
Social insurance helps address the inequitable distribution of resources and benefits in a competitive market. These programs allow the participants to select a more suitable health insurance plan, so they can take risks and still be part of the economy with the knowledge that if they are ever in need of financial assistance, the funds will be available to them. The concept of social insurance programs is based on two core principles: social justice and social stability.
Social insurance programs can be very helpful to the disabled, seniors, and the unemployed. This is a great initiative to make sure that everyone in the country has comprehensive health insurance, which could be of benefit to them in case they have to go into an emergency.